General Knowledge
For Testing until 12/31/2023
Competencies and Skills and Blueprint
The test design below describes general testing information. The blueprints that follow provide a detailed outline that explains the competencies and skills that this test measures.
Test Design
Format  Computerbased test (CBT) 

Number of Questions 

Time 

Passing Score 

Competencies, Skills, and Approximate Percentages of Questions
Subtest 1: Essay
Essay Skills
 Determine the purpose of writing to task and audience.
 Provide a section that effectively introduces the topic.
 Formulate a relevant thesis or claim.
 Organize ideas and details effectively.
 Provide adequate, relevant support by citing ample textual evidence; response may also include anecdotal experience for added support.
 Use of a variety of transitional devices effectively throughout and within a written text.
 Demonstrate proficient use of collegelevel, standard written English (e.g., varied word choice, syntax, language conventions, semantics).
 Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from, or supports, the argument or information presented.
 Use a variety of sentence patterns effectively.
 Maintain consistent point of view.
 Apply the conventions of standard English (e.g., avoid inappropriate use of slang, jargon, clichés).
Subtest 2: English Language Skills
Competency  Approximate Percentage of Subtest Questions  

1  Knowledge of language structure  25% 
2  Knowledge of vocabulary application  25% 
3  Knowledge of standard English conventions  50% 
Competencies and Skills
Competency 1—Knowledge of language structure

Evaluate correct placement of modifiers.

Apply knowledge of parallelism, including parallel expressions for parallel ideas.

Apply knowledge of a variety of effective structures (e.g., recognizing fragments, comma splices, runon sentences, syntax errors).

Determine patterns of organization in a written passage (i.e., modes of rhetoric).
Competency 2—Knowledge of vocabulary application

Determine the meaning of unknown words, multiplemeaning words, and phrases in context.

Determine and select the correct use of commonly confused words, misused words, and phrases.

Determine diction and tone appropriate to a given audience.
Competency 3—Knowledge of standard English conventions

Determine and select standard verb forms.

Determine and select inappropriate shifts in verb tense.

Determine and select agreement between subject and verb.

Determine and select agreement between pronoun and antecedent.

Determine and select inappropriate pronoun shifts.

Determine and select clear pronoun references.

Determine and select pronoun case forms (e.g., subjective, objective, possessive).

Evaluate the correct use of adjectives and adverbs.

Determine and select appropriate comparative and superlative degree forms.

Demonstrate command of standard spelling conventions.

Demonstrate command of standard punctuation.

Demonstrate command of standard capitalization.
Subtest 3: Reading
All items are passage based. The passages will be both expository and narrative. Each test form will contain approximately 5 passages.
Competency  Approximate Percentage of Subtest Questions  

1  Knowledge of key ideas and details based on text selections  40% 
2  Knowledge of craft and structure based on text selections  25% 
3  Knowledge of the integration of information and ideas based on text selections  35% 
Competencies and Skills
Competency 1—Knowledge of key ideas and details based on text selections

Identify textual evidence to support conclusions drawn from text.

Identify explicit meaning and details within text.

Determine inferences and conclusions based on textual evidence.

Discriminate among inferences, conclusions, and assumptions based on textual evidence.

Determine and analyze the development of central ideas or themes from one or more texts.

Summarize one or more texts using key supporting ideas and details.

Determine how and why specific individuals, events, and ideas develop based on textual evidence.

Determine the cause and effect relationship(s) among individuals, events, and ideas based on textual evidence.
Competency 2—Knowledge of craft and structure based on text selections

Interpret the meaning of words and phrases as used in text (e.g., figurative language, connotative language, technical meanings).

Analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.

Analyze how the author uses organization and text structure(s) to convey meaning.

Contrast the point of view of two or more authors on the same topic by analyzing their claims, reasoning, and evidence.

Analyze how point of view and purpose shape the content and style of text.
Competency 3—Knowledge of the integration of information and ideas based on text selections

Evaluate and relate content presented in diverse formats.

Evaluate specific claims in text based on relevancy, sufficiency, and validity or reasoning.

Synthesize information from a range of texts to develop a coherent explanation of a process, phenomenon, concept, or theme.

Analyze multiple texts to differentiate approaches authors take to develop similar themes (e.g., mode, author’s craft, genre, point of view).
Subtest 4: Mathematics
An onscreen fourfunction calculator and an onscreen reference sheet will be provided.
Competency  Approximate Percentage of Subtest Questions  

1  Knowledge of number sense, concepts, and operations  17% 
2  Knowledge of geometry and measurement  21% 
3  Knowledge of algebraic thinking and the coordinate plane  29% 
4  Knowledge of probability, statistics, and data interpretation  33% 
Competencies and Skills
Competency 1—Knowledge of number sense, concepts, and operations

Compare real numbers and identify their location on a number line.

Solve realworld problems involving the four operations with rational numbers.

Evaluate expressions involving order of operations.
Competency 2—Knowledge of geometry and measurement

Identify and classify simple two and threedimensional figures according to their mathematical properties.

Solve problems involving ratio and proportion (e.g., scaled drawings, models, realworld scenarios).

Determine an appropriate measurement unit and form (e.g., scientific notation) for realworld problems involving length, area, volume, or mass.

Solve realworld measurement problems including fundamental units (e.g., length, mass, time), derived units (e.g., miles per hour, dollars per gallon), and unit conversions.
Competency 3—Knowledge of algebraic thinking and the coordinate plane

Determine whether two algebraic expressions are equivalent by applying properties of operations or equality.

Identify an algebraic expression, equation, or inequality that models a realworld situation.

Solve equations and inequalities (e.g., linear, quadratic) graphically or algebraically.

Determine and solve equations or inequalities, graphically or algebraically, in realworld problems.

Graph and interpret a linear equation in realworld problems (e.g., use data to plot points, explain slope and yintercept, determine additional solutions).

Identify relations that satisfy the definition of a function.

Compare the slopes of two linear functions represented algebraically and graphically.
Competency 4—Knowledge of probability, statistics, and data interpretation

Analyze data presented in various forms (e.g., histograms, bar graphs, circle graphs, pictographs, line plots, tables) to solve problems.

Analyze and evaluate how the presentation of data can lead to different or inappropriate interpretations in the context of a realworld situation.

Calculate range, mean, median, and mode of data sets.

Interpret the meaning of measures of central tendency (i.e., mean, median, mode) and dispersion (i.e., range, standard deviation) in the context of a realworld situation.

Analyze and evaluate how the selection of statistics (e.g., mean, median, mode) can lead to different or inappropriate interpretations in the context of a realworld situation.

Solve and interpret realworld problems involving probability using counting procedures, tables, and tree diagrams.

Infer and analyze conclusions from sample surveys, experiments, and observational studies.
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